Emilio Aguinaldo was born in Kawit,
Cavite, on March 22 1869. He studied in his hometown for his primary education and proceeded secondary education at
the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila. When he was orphaned at the age of 13, he was unable to finish his education.
Years later, his political career began.
He was appointed cabeza de barangay (village chief). On January 1895, he
became Cavite's first municipal mayor and after three months, he became a member of the secret society, the
Katipunan. He became the head of the Magdalo faction.
He established his military prowess by
leading his forces to win in Kawit, Imus and Binakayan, Cavite. Due to
inadequate reinforcements, Aguinaldo was forced to retreat to Biak-na-Bato in Bulacan. He became the first
President of the First Philippine Republic, the first republic in Asia. He was the president when the country was at
war. After a pact made with the Spaniards, he agreed to go to Hong Kong in exile where he received indemnity
money which he used to buy firearms.
When the Spanish-American War reached the Philippines,
the Americans asked for his help because they lacked ground troops. After the Americans won, he returned to proclaim Philippine
independence on June 12, 1898, in Kawit, Cavite.
However, due to a conflict of interests, another war began.
This time it was between the Philippines and the Americans. Due to superior weapons, Aguinaldo was forced to flee to Palanan, Isabela.
He was captured by General Frederick Funston.
He ran for presidency in 1935 where he lost to
He died of coronary thrombosis at the age of 95 on February 6, 1964.