Diosdado Macapagal was 52 years old when he became president of the Philippines. A native of Pampanga, he
came to Manila to pursue advancement in education and graduated with Bachelor of Laws in University of Santo
Prior to presidency, he held two government positions. He was elected congressman for two consecutive terms
(1949-54, 1954-57) and served as vice president to
Carlos P. Garcia in 1957. He ran against Garcia on the next
election and won.
Among Macapagal's projects were the enactment of the land reform law, the enactment of the Agrarian Reform
Code which states the abolition of the share-cropping tenancy and the replacement of lease-hold-system, and the
formation of MAPHILINDO (Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia). He had also completed the negotiations regarding
US Bases which had started during Magsaysay's term. He was responsible for shortening their stay to 25 years,
predicting 1991 as the year of expiration.
His administration lasted for one term. He ran for reelection but lost to